Thursday, October 13, 2005

FMCG Basics !!

The Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) sector is the fourth largest sector in the economy with a total market size in excess of Rs 60,000 crore. This industry essentially comprises Consumer Non Durable (CND) products and caters to the everyday need of the population.

Product Characteristics

Products belonging to the FMCG segment generally have the following characteristics:
  1. They are used at least once a month
  2. They are used directly by the end-consumer
  3. They are non-durable
  4. They are sold in packaged form
  5. They are branded Industry Segments

The main segments of the FMCG sector are:

Personal Care: oral care; hair care; skin care; personal wash (soaps); cosmetics and toiletries; deodorants; perfumes; paper products (tissues, diapers, sanitary); shoe care. Major companies active in this segment include Hindustan Lever; Godrej Soaps, Colgate-Palmolive, Marico, Dabur and Procter & Gamble.

Household Care: fabric wash (laundry soaps and synthetic detergents); household cleaners (dish/utensil cleaners, floor cleaners, toilet cleaners, air fresheners, insecticides and mosquito repellants, metal polish and furniture polish).Major companies active in this segment include Hindustan Lever, Nirma and Reckitt & Colman.

Branded and Packaged Food and Beverages: health beverages; soft drinks; staples/cereals; bakery products (biscuits, bread, cakes); snack food; chocolates; ice cream; tea; coffee; processed fruits, vegetables and meat; dairy products; bottled water; branded flour; branded rice; branded sugar; juices etc.Major companies active in this segment include Hindustan Lever, Nestle, Cadbury and Dabur.

Spirits and Tobacc Major companies active in this segment include ITC, Godfrey Philips, UB and Shaw Wallace. An exact product-wise sales break up for each of the items is difficult.

The size of the fabric wash market is estimated to be Rs 4500 crore; of household cleaners to be Rs 1100 crore; of personal wash products to be Rs 4000 crore; of hair care products to be Rs 2600 crore; of oral care products to be Rs 2600 crore; of health beverages to be Rs 1100 crore; of bread and biscuits to be Rs 8000 crore ; of chocolates to be Rs 350 crore and of ice cream to be Rs 900 crore.In volume terms, the production of toilet soap is estimated to have grown by four per cent in 1999-2000 from 5,30.000 tonnes from 5,10,000 tonnes in 1998-99. The production of synthetic detergents has grown by eight per cent in 1999-2000 to 2.6 million tonnes. The cosmetics and toiletries segment has registered a 15 per cent growth in 1999-2000 as against an annual growth of 30 per cent recorded during the period 1992-93 to 1997-98.In the packaged food and beverage segment, ice cream has registered a negligible growth and the soft drink industry has registered a six per cent growth in 1999-2000.

Nice Stats !!